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This book identifies the key factors that explain differing degrees of coherence in EU crisis management, and offers a comparative analysis of its peace operations in Africa. How does the European Union (EU) bridge the member states' varying interests and norms to play its desired role as a comprehensive international security actor? The past decades have shown that the degree to which the Union succeeds in this endeavour varies. This book identifies the key factors that explain differing degrees of coherence in EU crisis management. 'Coherence' is understood here as the absence of contradiction and existence of synergies between various EU and national crisis management policies, instruments, and activities geared towards a set of overarching objectives; it thus constitutes an essential precondition for EU security actorness. The analysis starts from the assumption that coherence is a function of competing and conflicting interests and norms. Overall, the book argues that the EU represents a rather unpredictable security actor, whose multi-level coherence depends on the context-specific balance between domestically defined economic and electoral interests and stakes on the one hand, and salient, embedded norms on the other. The influence and interaction of these factors across governance levels are viewed through two theoretical lenses: liberal intergovernmentalism and sociological institutionalism. The lenses are applied to three post-Lisbon cases of EU crisis management in Africa, namely Libya (2011), Somalia (2011-2012), and Mali (2012-13). The analysis traces the activities and interaction of EU institutional actors and member states, with a focus on France, the United Kingdom, and Germany. It shows that the degree of coherence in EU crisis management is contingent on the congruence of domestic economic and electoral interests, as well as national threat perceptions. But it also depends on the extent to which EU-level coherence norms resonate with national norms on the use of force and preferred modes of multilateral cooperation. In sum, this book offers systematic insight into EU crisis management and clarifies the conceptual and empirical boundaries of the comprehensive approach. Finally, the study of the micro-foundations of coherence allows for policy-relevant suggestions on the state of the art and future prospects of the Union's security actorness. This book will be of much interest to students of EU policy, European Security, Peace and Conflict Studies, African Politics and IR in general.
This book is unique in providing a comprehensive overview of the human factors issues relevant to patient safety during acute care. By elucidating the principles of human behavior and decision-making in critical situations and identifying frequent sources of human error, it will help healthcare professionals provide safer, more effective treatment when dealing with emergencies characterized by uncertainty, high stakes, time pressure, and stress. The third edition has emerged from an ongoing synergistic relationship between clinicians and behavioral scientists on both sides of the Atlantic to update and enhance each chapter -- blending the strengths of the two professions into a readily accessible text. Among other improvements, readers will find sharper articulation of concepts and significantly more information on the organizational impact on individual and team performance. Crisis Management in Acute Care Settings is the required reference for all who are learning about, teaching, or providing acute and emergency healthcare. It will be of high value for undergraduate and graduate medical and nursing programÂ and offer a much-needed resource for those who use high-fidelity healthcare simulation to teach teamwork.
A research focus on hazards, risk perception and risk minimizing strategies is relatively new in the social and environmental sciences. This volume by a prominent scholar of East African societies is a powerful example of this growing interest. Earlier theory and research tended to describe social and economic systems in some form of equilibrium. However recent thinking in human ecology, evolutionary biology, not to mention in economic and political theory has come to assign to "risk" a prominent role in predictive modeling of behavior. It turns out that risk minimalization is central to the understanding of individual strategies and numerous social institutions. It is not simply a peripheral and transient moment in a group's history. Anthropologists interested in forager societies have emphasized risk management strategies as a major force shaping hunting and gathering routines and structuring institutions of food sharing and territorial behavior. This book builds on some of these developments but through the analysis of quite complex pastoral and farming peoples and in populations with substantial known histories. The method of analysis depends heavily on the controlled comparisons of different populations sharing some cultural characteristics but differing in exposure to certain risks or hazards.
The central questions guiding this approach are: 1) How are hazards generated through environmental variation and degradation, through increasing internal stratification, violent conflicts and marginalization? 2) How do these hazards result in damages to single households or to individual actors and how do these costs vary within one society? 3) How are hazards perceived by the people affected? 4) How do actors of different wealth, social status, age and gender try to minimize risks by delimiting the effect of damages during an on-going crisis and what kind of institutionalized measures do they design to insure themselves against hazards, preventing their occurrence or limiting their effects? 5) How is risk minimization affected by cultural innovation and how can the importance of the quest for enhanced security as a driving force of cultural evolution be estimated?
The Chinese have a symbol for crisis, which means both danger and opportunity. People in crisis, whether self-inflicted or externally caused, provides for the person and those they touch just such an opportunity. In this very practical book by Dr. Stan DeKoven, a counselor for over 30 years, the essential steps to help someone process through to a healthy resolution of crisis are presented. Topics include: * A biblical view of crisis * Dealing with loss * The A B C D's of crisis management * Facing and preventing suicide ...and much more. Dr. Stan DeKoven is the Founder and President of Vision International University. After many years as a successful Christian family counselor, he expanded the work of Dr. Ken Chant into a dynamic university program with colleges in over 120 nations around the world. Dr. DeKoven is the author of more than 35 books and numerous study guides in counseling, leadership and practical theology.
The aim of this book, first published in 1971, is to give the student of monetary economics a clear understanding of the theoretical potentialities of monetary policy as well as the practical limitations that prevent these potentialities from being realised. This volume discusses the central bank's operations in both long- and short-term financial markets, the effects of foreign inflows and outflows of funds, the implications of government budgetary policy, and the repercussions of the activity of non-bank financial institutions. Monetary Management should be of interest to students of finance and to all those concerned by controversies about the operation of monetary policy.